There are different kinds of non communicable diseases. These are not contagious and cannot be passed from one person to another. The non communicable diseases are not contagious generally and these diseases are Cancer (Lung, Skin, Brain or any type of cancer), Leukemia, Thyroid Diseases, Heart Diseases, Diabetes and Epilepsy etc. These diseases attack the humans individually instead of touching one another. Here is the list of some non-communicable diseases.
Lung cancer is a disease in which some malignant cells grow in the lungs. Mostly lung cancer occur between the ages of 45 and 75 after years of exposure to cigarette smok or other pollutants. In many cases the disease is preventable: 90 percent of cases are caused by smoking. Nonsmokers have only a small risk to this disease.
In leukemia a large number of abnormal white blood cells are produced. These malignant cells are released into the blood, so they are carried out throughout the body. They may infiltrate other body tissues including the liver the skin, and the Central Nervous System. Despite Leukemia’s reputation as a childhood disease, it mainly affects people over 60, especially men.
It occurs when ultraviolet rays damages the genetic material of the basal cells located in the skin. The most common site for it is the face, although it may appear anywhere on the body. With early detection and treatment, it can be cured in 95 percent of the cases. People with fair skin, blue eyes or red or blond hair are mostly at risk, because they have relatively little natural pigment protection. So, as much as possible, avoid exposure to direct sunlight between 10am and 3pm to avoid this disease.
Thyroid cancer occurs as a result of growth of malignant cells in the thyroid, a gland at the base of the neck. It occurs mainly between the age of 25 to 65, and women are more commonly affected than men. The cause of thyroid is unknown, but previous radiation therapy is a significant risk factor. Exposure to radioactive fallout is associated with an increase incidence of thyroid cancer.
A heart attack is a medical emergency that occurs when a portion of the heart is deprived of oxygen because of the blockage of one of the coronary arteries, which supplies the blood to the heart muscles. One-third of all heart attacks occur with no prior warning signs. Suitable emergency medical attention is crucial. If treatment is received within a few hours chances of survival are good. Cigarette smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, a diet rich in saturated fat, obesity, lack of exercise and diabetes mellitus promote heart diseases like heart attack etc. It is recommended to eat a diet low in fat, cholesterol and salt to avoid heart diseases. Pursue a program of moderate, regular, aerobic exercise which can help us to reduce the chances of heart diseases.
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder with abnormally high blood glucose level as its most prominent feature. People with diabetes may also suffer from low blood sugar if too much insulin is given for the treatment. After 10 to 20 years of diabetes, patients are at risk of developing complications, such as kidney damage, peripheral nerve degeneration and vision disorders. Strict control of blood glucose can prevent these complications. Treatment of Diabetes mellitus is largely a process of self-management. Although there is no cure, almost all people with diabetes are able to control their symptoms and lead prosperous and productive lives.
Seizures or Epilepsy
Seizures are alterations in neuralgic functions resulting from bursts of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Partial seizures may trigger isolated localized movements-such as chewing, lip smacking or swallowing or merely produce odd sensations, such as numbness. There is generally no cure for this disease still it can usually be controlled with a variety of anticonvulsant medications. The cause of it may be the sudden, explosive, highly synchronized firing of nervous in the brain. Brain damage, tumor or stroke may also cause it. There is no known way to prevent it, but medications can control seizures in most cases.